Apaches at War and Peace
Language: en
Pages: 300
Authors: William B. Griffen
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 1998-09-01 - Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

Apaches at War and Peace is the story of the Chiricahua Apaches on the northern frontier of New Spain from 1750 to 1858, especially those within the region of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. Using previously untapped archives in Spain, Mexico, and the United States, William Griffen relates how Apache raids and other hostilities were the norm until Bernardo de Galvez, viceroy of New Spain, encouraged the Apaches to settle near presidios. By 1790 some Apaches were in residence at Janos, and intermittent periods of peace and conflict ensued until Mexican independence brought more radical changes in Indian policy (such as the state of Sonora's offer of bounties for Indian scalps). Griffen explores issues of changing Indian policy, Indian-Mexican relations, and the entry of the United States onto the scene after its invasion of Mexico. For this reprint he includes a new preface discussing recentresearch issues.
Language: en
Pages: 326
Authors: Ralph Adam Smith
Categories: Biography & Autobiography
Type: BOOK - Published: 1999 - Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

"Since the 1920s, American historians have presented Kirker only in the worst of terms. Smith, however, demonstrates that Kirker's white contemporaries judged him a hero. At a time when evolving politics led to new methods of warfare - when desperate people resorted to desperate measures - his deeds earned him a reputation for bravery and good citizenship."--BOOK JACKET. "Whether Kirker is judged a villain or a hero, or merely a scoundrel, his colorful life reflected the turbulence of his times."--Jacket.
Chiricahua and Janos
Language: en
Pages: 328
Authors: Lance R. Blyth
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012-07-01 - Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

Borderlands violence, so explosive in our time, has deep roots in history. Lance R. Blyth’s study of Chiricahua Apaches and the presidio of Janos in the U.S.-Mexican borderlands reveals how no single entity had a monopoly on coercion, and how violence became the primary means by which relations were established, maintained, or altered both within and between communities, to include the Spanish-Mexican settlement of Janos in Nueva Vizcaya, present-day Chihuahua, and the Chiricahua Apaches. For more than two centuries violence was at the center of the relationships by which Janos and Chiricahua formed their communities. Violence created families by turning boys into men through campaigns and raids, which ultimately led to marriage and also determined the provisioning and security of these families, with acts of revenge and retaliation governing their attempts to secure themselves even as trade and exchange continued sporadically. This revisionist work reveals how during the Spanish, Mexican, and American eras both conflict and accommodation constituted these two communities that previous historians have often treated as separate and antagonistic. By showing not only the negative aspects of violence but also its potentially positive outcomes, Chiricahua and Janos helps us to understand violence not only in the southwestern borderlands but in borderland regions generally around the world.
Apache Adaptation to Hispanic Rule
Language: en
Pages: 336
Authors: Matthew Babcock
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-09-30 - Publisher: Cambridge University Press

This book reinterprets Southwestern history before the US-Mexican War through a case study of the poorly understood Apaches de paz and their adaptation to Hispanic rule.
Shadows at Dawn
Language: en
Pages: 384
Authors: Karl Jacoby
Categories: History
Type: BOOK - Published: 2009-11-24 - Publisher: Penguin

A masterful reconstruction of one of the worst Indian massacres in American history In April 1871, a group of Americans, Mexicans, and Tohono O?odham Indians surrounded an Apache village at dawn and murdered nearly 150 men, women, and children in their sleep. In the past century the attack, which came to be known as the Camp Grant Massacre, has largely faded from memory. Now, drawing on oral histories, contemporary newspaper reports, and the participants? own accounts, prize-winning author Karl Jacoby brings this perplexing incident and tumultuous era to life to paint a sweeping panorama of the American Southwest?a world far more complex, diverse, and morally ambiguous than the traditional portrayals of the Old West.